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NUPSA Philosophy Sessions (c) William Pascoe, 2018 (independently written and produced, this content is not owned or provided by UON or any Government or Commercial entity, except externally sourced material)

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Yet it cannot be called talent to slay fellow-citizens, to deceive friends, to be without faith, without mercy, without religion; such methods may gain empire, but not glory. -p69 Machiavelli

Political Philosophy and Strategy

What is politics? What happens when groups of people cannot agree? Cursory look at thinkers. Cursory look at ideologies and terms: Republic Theocracy Democracy Feudalism Monarchy Dictatorship Nationalism Communism Fascism Socialism Capitalism Anarchism Liberalism Conservatism Banana Republics NOTE: please do not confuse capitalism with democracy. There are countless ways in which these are combined and modified into subcategories in theory and practice, such as 'anarcho-syndicalism', Communist dictatorship, military dictatorship, liberal conservative, liberal progressive, etc etc. The name applied might also not reflect reality, such as nations with 'Democratic Republic' in their title which are by contrast dictatorships. Although historically capitalism has been associated with democracy, more recently some argue that as corporations become richer and more powerful than nations, the term democracy ceases to apply. Notably, Italian fascist Mussolini advocated collaboration among state, trade unions and capitalists - although still proclaiming the myth of freedom and democracy in the fight against fascism and dictatorship, isn't this what we see more and more in the West today? Sometimes strange paradoxes arise - both Anarchists and Friedmanite extreme liberal economists advocate against government interference, they are on opposite sides of the political spectrum - anarchists are far left and Friedman is far right. Fascism and Communism are diametrically opposite, yet to an outsider they both seem to result in a similar kind of dictatorship. If Scandinavia has for so long enjoyed peace, prosperity and a high standard of living, why don't we all just switch to their system? How does this make sense?

Chinese Political Philosophy

Some important historical changes: Warring States period Athens and Sparta Colonial Empires and Globalisation Reformation and separation of church and state The Westminster System (separation of powers) Feudalism to Monarchy Islam, Islamic Republics The French Revolution, 1848, American and other revolutions From Che to Venezuela Communist revolutions Russia, China, Korea, Vietnam and Cambodia Fascism Asynchronous Warfare, Post Truth Politics and Selling Subjection Plato (Republic) and Ancient Greek we have looked at, so let's not dwell. Confucius Sun Tzu and Machiavelli (strategy and recommend Game Theory) Ibn Khaldun Rousseau and Burke (situate with Leviathan, Sun King, and Burke) Marx and Friedman Hitler we have looked at

From Western To Global Politics